Final Examination【含答案】 庄子寓言及其智慧

(1)单选题

Which fable does the picture describe?


图片1.png

A  The Happy Fish. 

B  Cook Ding Carving the Ox 

C  Swimming in a Waterfall

D  The Hat Seller from Song

(2)单选题

Who is the man on the right?


图片2.png

A  Xu You.

B  Bo Le.

C  Hui Tze.

D  Yan Hui.

(3)单选题

The following picture is taken from the fable ________ to show the animal’s love for freedom.


图片3.png

A  Forget Each Other in the Rivers and Lakes

B  In the Wild or in a Cage

C  A Kui Admires a Millipede

D  Are They Really Beautiful?

(4)单选题

Which of the following statements is a description of this picture? 


图片4.png

A  Zhuangzi ridicules Marquis Jianhe by telling him the talk between a fish and himself. 

B  Zhuangzi tells a story of how people forget their quan after catching the fish.

C  A fish would rather swim in the rivers and lakes than stay on a dry land.

D  The correct way to love a fish is to let it swim in the rivers and lakes.

(5)单选题

The picture shows the major character in the fable “_________________________”. 



图片5.png

A  Yao’s Question 

B  Cook Ding Carving the Ox 

C  Learning How to Walk in Handan

D  The Hat Seller from Song

(6)单选题

The following picture is taken from the fable ________ to show the fish’s love for freedom.


图片6.png

A  Forget Each Other in the Rivers and Lakes

B  The Happy Fish

C  Autumn Waters

D  Dao Is in Shit and Piss

(7)单选题

The dead person in the middle is named ________, who is the emperor of the center land. 


图片7.png

A  Spilt

B  Second

C  Chaos

D  Dragon-Slayer

(8)单选题

There are three different animals in this picture, from left to right we have_________.


图片8.png

A  snake, centipede and kui

B  snake, millipede and hopper

C  snake millipede and kui

D  snake centipede and hopper

(9)单选题

What is Zhuangzi talking about in this picture?


图片9.png

A  Where is Dao.

B  The importance of freedom.

C  People should be modest.

D  How to be aware of danger.

(10)单选题

What happened to the man who is grooming the horse in the picture? 


图片10.png

A  He was loved by his horse.

B  He angered his neighbors.

C  He became rich by selling his horse.

D  He was kicked dead by his own horse. 

(11)单选题

Which of the following statements is correct according to the fable of the picture? 


图片11.png

A  They try to inherite the craft from their partner.

B  They finally succeed in slaying the dragon.

C  They are indeed discussing how to catch Cicadas.

D  Cook Ding shows how to carve the ox to the king.

(12)单选题

Which fable does the picture depict? 


图片12.png

A  No Distractions.

B  The Craftsman’s Perfect Skill with His Perfect Partner.

C  Qing Makes a Bell-Stand.

D  Catching Cicadas.

(13)单选题

Which of the following statements is correct about the picture?


图片13.png

A  Nie Que is asking Wang Ni questions.

B  Emperor Yao is discussing warfare with his minister Shun.

C  The King of Song is criticizing the crown-prince.

D  King Wen of Zhao is meeting Huizi.

(14)单选题

Which fable does the picture depict?


图片14.png

A  The Song Family's Secret Formula.

B  The Craftsman’s Perfect Skill with His Perfect Partner.

C  Qing Makes a Bell-Stand.

D  What is Courage.

(15)单选题

Which of the statements about the picture is wrong? 


图片15.png

A  The frog comes from the Eastern Sea.

B  The turtle comes from the Eastern Sea.

C  The frog lives in the well.

D  The frog enjoys the massage with mud in the well.

(16)单选题

Who are the two characters in the picture? 


图片16.png

A  Liezi and Bohun Wuren.

B  Zhuangzi and King Wen of Zhao.

C  Liezi and King Wen of Zhao.

D  Zhuangzi and Liezi.

(17)单选题

Which of the following statements is correct about the picture? 


图片17.png

A  The residents in Handan are fleeing away from Handan due to warfare.

B  The young boy manages to walk like the people in Handan successfully.

C  The young boy who is learning how to walk comes from the State of Yan.

D  Handan is invaded by the State of Zhao.

(18)单选题

Which fable does the picture depict? 


图片18.png

A  The Happy Fish.

B  Steering a Boat.

C  Forget the Quan After Catching the Fish.

D  Entertaining a Seabird.

(19)单选题

Which of the following statements is correct about the picture? 


图片19.png

A  The burglar succeeds in carrying the whole case away.

B  The burglar makes great efforts to open the case in the house.

C  The burglar fails to steal the case of gold and jewelry.

D  The neatly packed case is too heavy for the burglar to carry.

(20)单选题

Who are the two characters in the picture? 


图片20.png

A  The emissary of Zhao and the Chief Wine Official of Chu.

B  The King of Chu and the Chief Wine Official of Chu.

C  The King of Chu and the emissary of Zhao.

D  The King of Chu and the Commander of the Right.

(21)多选题

Which of the following fables are used to illustrate the charisma of Zhuangzi’s language?

A  Zhuang Zhou Dreamed of Being a Butterfly

B  Zhuang Zhou Borrows Rice

C  Are They Really Beautiful?

D  Hui Shi's Giant Gourd

(22)多选题

Which of the following fables illustrate the importance of taking stock?

A  The Hat Seller from Song 

B  Cook Ding Carving the Ox

C  The Mantis Trying to Stop a Cart 

D  A Kui Admires a Millipede

(23)多选题

Which of the following fables emphasize the importance of being modest?

A  Yi Dai the Bird Avoids Dangers

B  Swallows Nest in the Eave

C  Forget the Quan after Catching the Fish

D  A Showy Monkey

(24)多选题

Which of the following fables are related to the quest of Dao?

A  The Big and Useless Chu Tree

B  Wheelwright Bian on Making Wheels

C  The Song Family's Secret Formula

D  Fasting of the Heart

(25)多选题

Which of the following characters show their contentment with life and refuse the temptation of fame or wealth or power?

A  Hui Shi

B  Xu You

C  Yue the Goat Butcher

D  Yan Hui

(26)多选题

Which of the following fables have animal(s) as their main character(s)?

A  Autumn Waters

B  In the Wild or in a Cage

C  Forget Each Other in the Rivers and Lakes

D  A Kui Admires a Millipede

(27)多选题

Which of the following fables are told through the mouth of Confucius?

A  Piglets Feeding on Dead Mother's Milk

B  The Mantis Trying to Stop a Cart

C  Are They Really Beautiful?

D  What is Courage

(28)多选题

Which of the following fables show Zhuangzi’s attitude towards death?

A  The Death of Chaos

B  Zhuangzi and the Skull

C  Zhuangzi Was about to Die

D  A Crow Eating a Dead Rat

(29)多选题

What kind of animals are mentioned when Zhuangzi used animal lovers to show the art of love?

A  Horse

B  Elephant

C  Seabird

D  Fish

(30)多选题

Which of the following fables contain a dualistic thinking of body and soul?

A  The Dragon-Slayer

B  Piglets Feeding on Dead Mother's Milk

C  Only One Confucian in Lu!

D  Learning How to Walk in Handan

(31)多选题

Which of the following fables concern the issue of making different applications of the same thing?

A  Hui Shi's Giant Gourd

B  The Big and Useless Chu Tree

C  The Song Family's Secret Formula

D  The Mantis Getting the Cicada

(32)多选题

Which of the following fables are discussions between Confucius and his disciples?

A  Autumn Waters

B  Swimming in a Waterfall

C  Catching Cicadas

D  Steering a Boat

(33)多选题

Which of the following fables include Hui Shi, i.e. Huizi, as the main character?

A  The Big and Useless Chu Tree

B  The Commander of the Right with One Leg

C  Are They Really Beautiful?

D  A Crow Eating a Dead Rat

(34)多选题

Which of the following fables illustrate the topic of craftsmanship?

A  Cook Ding Carving the Ox

B  No Distractions

C  The Happy Fish

D  A Kui Admires a Millipede

(35)多选题

Which of the following fables illustrate the ideal life of Zhuangzi?

A  A Giant Bird

B  The Little Sparrow's Happiness

C  Piglets Feeding on Dead Mother's Milk

D  The Bad Wine of Lu Brought Warfare to Handan

(36)多选题

Which of the following fables emphasize the awareness of danger?

A  The Mantis Getting the Cicada

B  The Bad Wine of Lu Brought Warfare to Handan

C  The Oil Burns Itself Out

D  Catching Cicadas

(37)多选题

Which of the following fables emphasize the tolerance of the others?

A  Swallows Nest in the Eave

B  Yao’s Question

C  The Song Family's Secret Formula

D  Forget the Quan After Catching the Fish

(38)多选题

Which of the following fables mention the importance of practice to perfectly acquire a skill?

A  Cook Ding Carving the Ox

B  Catching Cicadas

C  The Frog in the Well

D  Hui Shi's Giant Gourd

(39)多选题

Which of the following fables use birds to illustrate the theme of the fable?

A  Swallows Nest in the Eave

B  Entertaining a Seabird

C  The Little Sparrow's Happiness

D  Learning How to Walk in Handan

(40)多选题

Which of the following fables use trees to illustrate the theme of the fable?

A  The Oil Burns Itself Out

B  The Big and Useless Chu Tree

C  Perfect Archery

D  Theft Prevention

(41)单选题

阅读一:Those who dream of the pleasures of drinking at night, may wail (恸哭) and weep in the morning; those who dream of wailing and weeping at night, may be going out to hunt in the morning. When they are dreaming they do not know they are dreaming; in their dreams they may even have tried to predict and interpret their own fates; but when they awake they know that they have had dreams. And there is the great awaking, after which we shall know that this life is a great dream. Indeed, only the truly enlightened persons realize that life is just one big dream. And then there are those stupid ones who think that they are the enlightened ones. Only those who have great doubts can be truly enlightened. But the stupid ones always believe that they are enlightened and that is why in the end, they are stupid.(Adapted from James Legge’s The Chuang Tzu, p.35)


阅读一(1)Which one of following statements is Not correct about this fable?

A  People in their dreams might try to interpret their fates.

B  When people are dreaming they always know they are in dreams.

C  People may be quite different in the morning compared to what they have dreamed at night.

D  When people are awake, they realize that they have had dreams. 

(42)单选题

阅读一:Those who dream of the pleasures of drinking at night, may wail (恸哭) and weep in the morning; those who dream of wailing and weeping at night, may be going out to hunt in the morning. When they are dreaming they do not know they are dreaming; in their dreams they may even have tried to predict and interpret their own fates; but when they awake they know that they have had dreams. And there is the great awaking, after which we shall know that this life is a great dream. Indeed, only the truly enlightened persons realize that life is just one big dream. And then there are those stupid ones who think that they are the enlightened ones. Only those who have great doubts can be truly enlightened. But the stupid ones always believe that they are enlightened and that is why in the end, they are stupid.(Adapted from James Legge’s The Chuang Tzu, p.35)


阅读一(2)What’s the main implication of this fable?

A  The stupid ones always enjoy their dreams.

B  There is no one who can know everything.

C  Dream is equal for the enlightened and stupid people.

D  Those who have great doubts can be truly enlightened.

(43)单选题

阅读二:The Penumbra is the shadow of the Shadow. The Penumbra asked the Shadow, "A moment ago you were walking, and now you have stopped; then you were sitting, and now you have stood up—why are you so changeble? Would you seriously make up your mind about what you want to do?"

The Shadow replied, "I am just the shadow. I wait for the movements of something or someone else, and then I can follow up. And the very thing or the person that I wait for is also waiting for some other thing or person. A snake depends on its scales (鳞片) to crawl and a cicada depends on its wings to fly. How should I know why I do one thing, or do not do another?"(Adapted from James Legge’s The Chuang Tzu, p.37)


阅读二(1)Which of the following statements is NOT correct?

A  The shadow relies on something for the movements.

B  The Penumbra does not depend on anything else.

C  The snake needs to rely on its scales to crawl.

D  The cicada needs to rely on its wings to fly.

(44)单选题

阅读二:The Penumbra is the shadow of the Shadow. The Penumbra asked the Shadow, "A moment ago you were walking, and now you have stopped; then you were sitting, and now you have stood up—why are you so changeble? Would you seriously make up your mind about what you want to do?"The Shadow replied, "I am just the shadow. I wait for the movements of something or someone else, and then I can follow up. And the very thing or the person that I wait for is also waiting for some other thing or person. A snake depends on its scales (鳞片) to crawl and a cicada depends on its wings to fly. How should I know why I do one thing, or do not do another?"(Adapted from James Legge’s The Chuang Tzu, p.37)


阅读二(2)What’s the main implication of this fable?

A  It's easier said than done.

B  All creatures are living together in the world.

C  Things and creatures are usually interdependent.

D  It's a great challenge for creatures to evolve.

(45)单选题

阅读三:One day, The Lord of the Yellow River asked the God of the Northern Sea, “What is natural and what is man-made?”The God of the Northern Sea replied, “The oxen and the horses have four legs. That is what I consider to be natural. When the horses are constrained with harnesses (马具), and the oxen are pierced (穿刺) with rings—I would say that’s what I consider to be man-made. Hence it is said, ‘Try not to harm the naturalness with too much man-made manipulation; try not to bury your natural self with too much pursuit of fame and fortune; carefully guard the natural Way and do not lose it—this is what I call reverting to your True Nature.”( Adapted from James Legge’s The Chuang Tzu, p.123)


阅读三(1)Which one of the following statements is Not correct?


A  A horse’s harness is natural.

B  The ox’s nose ring is man-made.

C  Oxen and horses have four feet is natural.

D  Try not bury your natural self with too much desire.

(46)单选题

阅读三:One day, The Lord of the Yellow River asked the God of the Northern Sea, “What is natural and what is man-made?”The God of the Northern Sea replied, “The oxen and the horses have four legs. That is what I consider to be natural. When the horses are constrained with harnesses (马具), and the oxen are pierced (穿刺) with rings—I would say that’s what I consider to be man-made. Hence it is said, ‘Try not to harm the naturalness with too much man-made manipulation; try not to bury your natural self with too much pursuit of fame and fortune; carefully guard the natural Way and do not lose it—this is what I call reverting to your True Nature.”( Adapted from James Legge’s The Chuang Tzu, p.123)



阅读三(2)What’s the main implication of this fable?

A  It’s difficult to abandon fame and fortune.

B  If we destroy mother nature, we will diminish human beings.

C  People should realize the importance of protecting natural environment.

D  It’s significant for us to follow the natural Way so as to pursue True Nature.

(47)单选题

阅读四:King Hui of Wei (named Wei Ying) made a treaty with King Wei of Qi (named Tian Houmou), but King Wei of Qi broke it. King of Wei was furious and was seeking revenge.  Some advisors suggested that the king should send troops to attack Qi. Some said that he shouldn’t. Huazi suggested that the king should seek to discover the Dao, and he brought Dai Jinren to tell the king a story.

Dai Jin-ren said, ’There is a creature called a snail; does your majesty know it?'

'I do.'

'On the left horn of the snail there is a kingdom which is called Provocation, and on the right horn another which is called Stupidity. These two kingdoms are continuously arguing about their territories and fighting. The corpses that lie on the ground are heaped up in multitudes. The army of one may be defeated and put to flight, only in fifteen days will they return.'

The king said, 'Pooh! Does this funny empty talk have anything to do with me?'

The other rejoined, 'I just want to show your majesty its real significance. When your majesty thinks of the six directions - east, west, north, and south, above and beneath - can you set any limit to it?'

 'No limit.' said the king.

'In the center of the limitless world, there is a state called Wei; in Wei there is the capital city of Liang; and in Liang there is your majesty. Can you make any distinction between yourself, and the king of the Stupidity kingdom?'

The king answered, 'There is no distinction,' and his visitor went out, while the king remained dumbfounded and seemed to have lost himself. (Adapted from James Legge’s The Writings of Chuang Tzu, http://nothingistic.org/library/chuangtzu/)


阅读四(1)Why does Dai Jinren compare the King of Wei to the king of the Stupidity kingdom?

A  He is ridiculing the king that he is as stupid as the king of the Stupidity kingdom.

B  He is showing the king that the world is big and he should learn to forgive and forget.

C  He is suggesting the king to do stupid things as to attack the other country.

D  He is explaining how big the world is and how big the king’s country is. 

(48)单选题

阅读四:King Hui of Wei (named Wei Ying) made a treaty with King Wei of Qi (named Tian Houmou), but King Wei of Qi broke it. King of Wei was furious and was seeking revenge.  Some advisors suggested that the king should send troops to attack Qi. Some said that he shouldn’t. Huazi suggested that the king should seek to discover the Dao, and he brought Dai Jinren to tell the king a story.

Dai Jin-ren said, ’There is a creature called a snail; does your majesty know it?'

'I do.'

'On the left horn of the snail there is a kingdom which is called Provocation, and on the right horn another which is called Stupidity. These two kingdoms are continuously arguing about their territories and fighting. The corpses that lie on the ground are heaped up in multitudes. The army of one may be defeated and put to flight, only in fifteen days will they return.'

The king said, 'Pooh! Does this funny empty talk have anything to do with me?'

The other rejoined, 'I just want to show your majesty its real significance. When your majesty thinks of the six directions - east, west, north, and south, above and beneath - can you set any limit to it?'

 'No limit.' said the king.

'In the center of the limitless world, there is a state called Wei; in Wei there is the capital city of Liang; and in Liang there is your majesty. Can you make any distinction between yourself, and the king of the Stupidity kingdom?'

The king answered, 'There is no distinction,' and his visitor went out, while the king remained dumbfounded and seemed to have lost himself. (Adapted from James Legge’s The Writings of Chuang Tzu, http://nothingistic.org/library/chuangtzu/)


阅读四(2)What is the writing style of this fable? 

A  Humorous and ironical.

B  Indifferent and introductory.

C  Serious and factual.

D  Anxious and unsatisfied.

(49)单选题

 阅读五:The Chinese idiom 东施效颦 (dong1 shi1 xiao4 pin2) literally means a ludicrous imitation of beauty. It is written by Zhuang Zhou in the Pre-Qin Period.

Long ago there lived a famous beauty, Xi Shi. One day Xi Shi had a pain in her chest which caused her to hold her bosom and frown in pain. When an ugly woman (called Dong Shi) from the same village saw Xi Shi out walking, she took notice of Xi's behavior. Like everyone in the village, Dong Shi knew that Xi Shi was the acme (巅峰) of beauty and so, in the hope of appearing to be more beautiful, she decided to imitate Xi Shi. Dong Shi put her hands on her bosom and knitted her eyebrows so that she was also frowning.

However, such an attempt was fundamentally flawed as the true reasons for Xi Shi's beauty went much deeper.  In fact, rather than becoming more beautiful, Dong Shi simply made herself look even uglier. When a rich man in the village saw her, he shut his doors tightly and did not go out. When a poor man saw her, he took his wife and children and gave her a wide berth (空位). Everyone was horrified at how ugly she had become.

Today, Chinese people use the expression to describe people who are making a fool of themselves by trying to imitate behaviors that they do not really understand. (Adapted from Learning Mandarin in Chinese http://tcfl.tingroom.com/2014/11/5826.html)


阅读五(1)What did people think of Dong Shi when she tried to imitate Xi Shi?


A  People thought that she became more beautiful.

B  People were indifferent to her imitation.

C  People were horrified that she even became uglier.

D  People appreciated what she had done to become more beautiful.

(50)单选题

阅读五:The Chinese idiom 东施效颦 (dong1 shi1 xiao4 pin2) literally means a ludicrous imitation of beauty. It is written by Zhuang Zhou in the Pre-Qin Period.

Long ago there lived a famous beauty, Xi Shi. One day Xi Shi had a pain in her chest which caused her to hold her bosom and frown in pain. When an ugly woman (called Dong Shi) from the same village saw Xi Shi out walking, she took notice of Xi's behavior. Like everyone in the village, Dong Shi knew that Xi Shi was the acme (巅峰) of beauty and so, in the hope of appearing to be more beautiful, she decided to imitate Xi Shi. Dong Shi put her hands on her bosom and knitted her eyebrows so that she was also frowning.

However, such an attempt was fundamentally flawed as the true reasons for Xi Shi's beauty went much deeper.  In fact, rather than becoming more beautiful, Dong Shi simply made herself look even uglier. When a rich man in the village saw her, he shut his doors tightly and did not go out. When a poor man saw her, he took his wife and children and gave her a wide berth (空位). Everyone was horrified at how ugly she had become.

Today, Chinese people use the expression to describe people who are making a fool of themselves by trying to imitate behaviors that they do not really understand. (Adapted from Learning Mandarin in Chinese http://tcfl.tingroom.com/2014/11/5826.html)


阅读五(2)Which of the following can serve as the best English title for this story?

A  Aping a Beauty

B  A Beautiful Attempt

C  Depicting a Beauty

D  Daydreaming

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未经允许不得转载!Final Examination【含答案】 庄子寓言及其智慧