期末复习知识点复习题【含答案】 软件体系结构

(3)单选题

Which architecture style does the following diagram describe?图6.png

A  Object-Oriented

B  Implicit invocation

C  Explicit invocation

D  Interpreter

(4)单选题

Which kind of diagram is the following diagram?图5.png

A  Class diagram

B  Component diagram

C  Object diagram

D  Sequence diagram

(5)单选题

Which of the following tactic can be used to achieve the Usability?

A  Checkpoint/rollback

B  Built-in monitors

C   Maintain a model of the system

D  Bound execution times

(6)单选题

Which diagram is a great tool for work flow and process modeling?

A   Sequence diagram

B  Communication diagram

C  Activity diagram

D   State diagram

(7)单选题

Which of the following tactic can be used to achieve the Testability?

A  Authenticate users

B  Record/playback

C   Passive redundancy

D   Maintain a model of the task

(8)单选题

Which of the following tactic can be used to achieve the Security?

A  Control frequency of sampling

B  Limit exposure

C   Reduce computational overhead

D  Manage event rate

(9)单选题

Which of the following tactic can be used to achieve the Performance?

A  Introduce concurrency

B  Limit exposure  

C  Separate interface from implementation

D  Exception

(10)单选题

Which of the following tactic can be used to achieve the Modifiability?

A  Process monitor

B  Authenticate users

C  Semantic coherence

D  Built-in monitors

(11)单选题

Which of the following tactic can be used to achieve the Availability?

A  Hide information

B  Prevent ripple effects

C  Manage event rate

D  Active redundancy

(12)单选题

下面的图形描述了何种体系结构风格?图片4.png


A  C/S


B  B/S


C  面向对象


D  层次化


(13)单选题

下面的图是什么图?

图片3.png

A  类图


B  组件图


C  对象图


D  序列图


(14)单选题

下面哪种策略能够用来满足性能Performance)的质量属性?


A  固定权限的调用


B  限制访问


C  加入中间层


D  Ping/echo


(15)单选题

“系统故障和它所带来的后果”,这是哪种质量属性关心的问题?


A  易用性


B  可测试性


C  可用性


D  安全性


(16)单选题

下面哪种策略能够用来满足可用性(Availability)的质量属性?


A  心跳(Heartbeat


B  模块的抽象化(Generalize the module


C  授权用户


D  记录/重放


(17)单选题

下面的图形描述了何种体系结构风格?

图片2.png

A  C/S


B  有序批处理


C  主程序/子程序


D  面向对象


(18)单选题

下面的图是什么图?

图片1.png

A  序列图


B  组件图


C  对象图


D  类图


(19)单选题

下面哪种视图不属于软件体系结构中定义的4+1”视图?


A  物理视图


B  设计视图


C  场景视图


D  开发视图


(20)单选题

“系统在提供服务给合法用户的同时抵制未授权使用的能力”这是哪种质量属性关心的问题?


A  性能


B  可测试性


C  可移植性


D  安全性


(21)单选题

下面哪种策略能够用来满足可测试性Testability)的质量属性?


A  心跳(Heartbeat


B  模块的抽象化(Generalize the module


C  记录/重放


D  授权用户


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