Final Exam【含答案】 生活英语读写

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Part 1: Vocabulary and Structure (60%)

1. We were lost at sea, at the ______ of wind and weather.

B  expense

D  mercy

A  service

C  cost

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She is one of those women who always ______ the latest fashions.

D  come up with

A  keep up

C  keep up with

B  catch up

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I would like to ______ my appreciation for your cooperation

B  receive

D  indicate

A  express

C  impress

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His instructions were too difficult to understand, so he had to ______ them.

C  classify

B  simplify

A  satisfy

D  terrify

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I think he visited us just to ______ his new car.

C  lay out

B  show off

D  lay down

A  show up

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He was ______ to steal the money when he saw it lying on the table.

C  attracted

D  tempted

B  intended

A  expected

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Compiling a dictionary ______ much time and patience.

D  use

A  costs

C  takes

B  spends

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He applied for a temporary job to finance his education and was ______ the position for his rich experience in teaching

C  presented

A  qualified

D  supplied

B  granted

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 9. He was ______ admission of the restaurant for not wearing a tie.

D  appealed

C  acquired

B  granted

A  denied

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. The importance of fitness should not be ______ because it is not developed in a day.

A  withdrawn

C  relaxed

D  stressed

B  overlooked

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. I should like to ______ my thanks to you for your kindness.

B  intend

C  pretend

A  extend

D  attend

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. Mr. Smith said that he did not want to ______ any further responsibilities.

C  put up

A  get on

B  look up

D  take on

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. The children ______ sand over the floor.

B  distributed

A  spread

D  scattered

C  divided

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. He ______ his paintings to the public.

D  awarded

C  informed

B  exhibited

A  acknowledged

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. She might have been at the meeting, but nobody ______ her there.

C  commented

A  remarked

B  looked

D  noticed

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. I must congratulate you ______ your design for the new building.

C  to

A  on

B  for

D  with

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. As to how to improve one’s language skills, it is important that you ______ it every day.

C  imitate

B  express

D  speak

A  illustrate

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. What he ______ was that you didn’t tell the truth.

C  restricted

A  demanded

D  communicated

B  implied

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. Could you ______ reasons and examples for your answer?

A  qualify

B  quantify

C  specify

D  satisfy

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. The driver was caught ______ the speed limit on the road and got a speeding ticket.

D  remaining

A  passing

B  exceeding

C  surpassing

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. I am ______ to hear that my son doesn’t work well.

D  anxious

C  relieved

A  expected

B  annoyed

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. Unexpectedly the light ______ and we were left in darkness.

A  burn out

B  put out

C  turned out

D  went out

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. Students are ______ to stay out after midnight.

D  permitted

A  forbidden

C  limited

B  prevented

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. For a moment he did not know how to _____.

C  comment

D  behave

B  reply

A  answer

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. Lincoln’s success ______ a popular American belief that every child can dream of becoming president.

C  fits

B  raises

A  arouses

D  fixes

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. All the firemen in the city were ______ to fight against the big fire.

D  called on

A  called in

C  called up

B  called off

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. Physicists have made new discoveries that challenge our ______ theories of the universe.

C  existed

D  established

B  adapted

A  recognized

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. The government ______ regulations that put this old city under protection.

B  issued

A  published

C  discharged

D  released

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. Tourist industry ______ greatly to the economy of that country.

D  supports

C  contributes

A  assists

B  benefits

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. This theory about the formation of volcano was later ______ by many observations.

D  guessed

A  confirmed

B  assured

C  remarked

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. Please do not ______ to call me if you have any question.

A  pause

D  mind

B  reserve

C  hesitate

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. She tried to ______ her fears to her mother.

D  communicate

A  understand

C  quote

B  give

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. He ______ his wife a beauty, though others found her plain.

B  considered

C  regarded

A  counted

D  reckoned

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. The story she has just told ______ me of an experience I had several years ago.

B  reminds

D  reflects

C  refers

A  remembers

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. We must ______ that the experiment is controlled as rigidly as possible.

B  ensure

A  assure

C  secure

D  insure

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. He was not as active as I had ______ him to be.

C  objected

A  inspected

B  recognized

D  expected

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. Only the Chinese have successfully ______ giant pandas and raised so many of their babies.

D  bought

A  reared

B  expanded

C  adapted

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. After two weeks without rain, the crop quickly ______ the little rain that fell last night.

B  dropped

A  absorbed

D  flooded

C  grasped

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. No doctor could cure the baby ______ her heart disease.

B  with

C  of

D  about

A  from

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. When he heard the sad news, he ______ completely.

B  broke up

C  broke down

A  broke away

D  broke out

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. The project has to be stopped if problems keep ______ like this.

B  rising

D  arising

A  arriving

C  raising

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. It is not always easy to ______ how the elections will turn out.

A  account

D  remark

C  tell

B  predict

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. To keep society in good order, it is necessary that everybody ______ the laws.

C  concede

A  accept

D  obey

B  admit

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. They were planning to provide a free medical care scheme that would ______ both the rich and the poor.

D  recover

C  affect

A  benefit

B  contribute

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. I remember seeing him at a party, but I can’t ______ exactly where it was.

A  restore

D  recognize

C  recall

B  know

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. The wall was built to ______ the road from being washed away by the sea.

A  guard

D  barrier

C  defend

B  promise

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. Employees with strong growth are happy only when the tasks to be performed are clearly ______.

B  designed

A  defined

D  demonstrated

C  developed

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. The new bridge will ______ the island to the mainland.

B  unite

D  combine

A  link

C  join

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. Modern means of communication may keep us well ______ of things going on in the world.

B  related

D  informed

C  reported

A  learned

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. Although they are identical twins their parents can easily ______ between them.

A  identify

C  differ

B  select

D  distinguish

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. Rubbish ______ quickly if you don’t clear it regularly.

A  accumulates

B  gathers

D  adds

C  assembles

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. Nobody knows what ______ the change in his political thinking.

C  brought out

B  brought about

A  brought forth

D  brought up

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. Both the employer and the employees are trying to ______ in order to settle the strike.

D  struggle

A  recover

B  switch

C  compromise

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. Even a child would not be ______ by such an obvious lie.

A  cut off

D  taken in

C  pulled down

B  made up

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. If you want to telephone him, you will have to ______ the number in this book.

C  look into

A  look up

D  look at

B  look through

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. Without my glasses I can hardly ______ what has been written in the letter.

A  make for

D  make out

B  make up

C  make up for

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. The firemen managed to ______ the fire in time.

A  prevent

C  put out

D  light

B  put off

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. The idea of a balanced diet is very difficult to ______ to anyone who knows nothing about food values.

D  put down

C  take in

A  put in

B  put across

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. She hoped that a long rest might ______ her in health.

B  reform

D  perfect

C  strengthen

A  improve

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. The hotel is being ______ to accommodate more guests.

A  enlarged

B  multiplied

D  stretched

C  expanded

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Part 2: Cloze (20%)

Passage 1

Tokyo is one of those places that you can love and hate at the same time.

In Tokyo there are always too many people in the places where I want to (61) . Of course there are too many cars. The Japanese drive very fast when they can. But in Tokyo they often spend a long time in (62) jams. The streets in Tokyo always have a lot of people (63) foot, and sometimes it is really difficult to walk.

The (64) time to be in the street is at 11:30 at night. That is when the nightclubs are closing and everybody (65) to go home. There are 35,000 nightclubs in Tokyo and you do not often see one (66) is empty.

Most people travel to and (67) from work by train. Tokyo people buy six million train tickets every day. At most stations, trains arrive every two or three minutes, but (68) certain hours there do not seem to be enough trains. Although they are usually (69) , Japanese trains are very good. They always leave and (70) on time.

61.

A  come

C  get

B  be

D  visit

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.

B  street

A  transport

D  avenue

C  traffic

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.

A  by

C  for

D  on

B  with

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.

A  best

C  worst

D  most

B  bad

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.

D  will want

B  wants

A  want

C  wanted

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.

C  when

A  that

D  where

B  what

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.

B  apart

A  away

D  back

C  off

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.

B  for

D  to

C  at

A  on

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.

D  filled

A  crowd

B  crowded

C  vital

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.

D  reach

B  appear

A  arrive

C  go

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Passage 2

In the US, people prefer waiting for a table to sitting with people they don’t know. This means a hostess may not (71) a small group until a small table is available even if a large one is. If you are sitting (72) a table with people you don’t know, it is (73) to light up a cigarette without first asking if it will disturb them. At American restaurants, café and coffee shops you are usually saved water before you order and you may find the bread and butter are (74) .

Servings in restaurants are often large——too large for many people. If you can’t finish your meal but would like to (75) the food later, ask your waitress or waiter for a “diggie bag”. It may have a picture of dog on it, but everybody knows you are taking the food for yourself. Tips are not usually (76) to the check. They are not included in the price of the (77) , either. A tip of about 15% is expected and you should leave it on the table when you leave. In less expensive restaurants you pay your (78) at the cash register on your way out. In some restaurants, a check is brought on a plate and you put your money there. Then the waiter or waitress brings you your (79) . In some restaurants you (80) with a credit card, including the tip.

71.

C  situate

B  sit

D  locate

A  seat

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.

A  on

B  at

D  besides

C  beside

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.

D  impolite

B  superior

A  immediate

C  peculiar

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.

D  local

C  free

B  dull

A  extra

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.

D  keep

C  serve

A  order

B  enjoy

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.

C  added

D  included

A  put

B  avoided

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.

D  dishes

A  check

B  food

C  meal

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.

C  check

A  money

B  tips

D  path

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.

C  block

B  meal

D  change

A  check

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.

B  give

D  finance

C  spend

A  pay

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Part 3: Reading Comprehension (20%)

Passage 1

The human nose has given to the languages of the world many interesting expressions. Of course, this is not surprising. Without the nose, we could not breathe or smell. It is the part of the face that givens a person special character. Cyrano de Bergerac said that a large nose showed a great man – courteous, manly and intellectual.

A famous woman poet wished that she had two noses to smell a rose! Blaise Pascal, a French philosopher, made an interesting comment about Cleopatra’s nose. If it had been shorter, he said, it would have changed the whole face of the world!

Historically, man’s nose has had a principal role in his imagination. Man has referred to the nose in many ways to express his emotions. Expressions concerning the nose refer to human weakness: anger, pride, jealousy, and revenge.

In English there are a number of phrases about the nose. For example, to hold up one’s nose expresses a basic human feeling—pride. A man can hold up his noses at people, things and places if he thinks he is better than others, that he is something special.

The phrase, to be led around by the nose, shows man’s weakness. A person who is led around by the nose lets other people control him. On the other hand, a person who follows his nose lets his instinct guide him.

For the human emotion of rejection, the phrase to have one’s nose put out of joint is very descriptive. The expression applies to persons who have been turned aside because of a competitor. Their pride is hurt and they feel rejected. This expression is not new. For instance, an older child may feel rejected when its mother holds a new-born baby in her arms – its nose has been “put out of joint”. Grownups feel the same way when not invited to special dinners or a friend’s birthday party.

This is only a sampling of expressions in English dealing with the nose. There are a number of others. However, it should be as plain as the nose on your face that the nose is more than an organ for breathing and smelling!

81. The purpose of this article is to _____.

A  talk about the use of the nose

D  give some examples about how the expressions dealing with the nose are used

B  introduce some expressions concerning the nose

C  explain the relation between the nose on your face and that used in different expressions

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. According to Cyrano de Bergerac, a man with large nose shows that he is _____.

C  courageous, intelligent, powerful and emotional

D  courageous, strong-minded, courteous and clever

B  brave, polite, strong and clever

A  great, special, handsome and daring

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. From the text, we may guess that Cleopatra’s nose must have been very _____.

B  large

D  sensitive

C  beautiful

A  short

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. The phrase about the nose expressing pride is _____.

A  to hold up one’s nose

D  to have one’s nose put out of joint

C  to be led around by the nose

B  to follow one’s nose

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. It is evident that _____.

B  the nose on your face is a plain organ only for breathing and smelling

D  the nose is not only an organ but also something important in language

C  the nose is used in many English expressions for it is an organ for breathing and smelling.

A  the expressions about the nose are quite plain

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Passage 2

Early Autumn

When Bill was very young, they had been in love. Many nights they had spent walking, talking together. Then something not very important had come between them, and they didn’t speak. Impulsively, she had married a man she thought she loved. Bill went away, bitter about women.

Yesterday, walking across Washington Square, she saw him for the first time in years.

“Bill Walker,” she said.

He stopped. At first he did not recognize her, to him she looked so old.

“Mary! Where did you come from?”

Unconsciously, she lifted her face as though wanting a kiss, but he held out his hand. She took it.

“I live in New York now,” she said.

“Oh,—Smiling politely, then a little frown came quickly between his eyes.

“Always wondered what happened to you, Bill.”

“I’m a lawyer. Nice firm, way downtown.”

“Married yet?”

“Sure. Two kids.”

“Oh,” she said.

A great many people went past them through the park. People they didn’t know. It was late afternoon. Nearly sunset. Cold.

“And your husband?” he asked her.

“We have three children. I work in the bursar’s office at Columbia.”

“You are looking very…” (he wanted to say old) “…well,” he said.

She understood. Under the trees in Washington Square, she found herself desperately reaching back into the past. She had been older than he then in Ohio. Now she was not young at all. Bill was still young.

“We live on Central Park West,” she said. “Come and see us sometime.”

“Sure,” he replied. “You and your husband must have dinner with my family some night. Any night. Lucille and I’d love to have you.”

The leaves fell slowly from the tree in the Square. Fell without wind. Autumn dusk. She felt a little sick.

“We’d love it,” she answered.

“You ought to see my kids.” He grinned.

Suddenly the lights came on up the whole length of Fifth Avenue, chains of misty brilliance in the blue air.

“There’s my bus,” she said.

He held out his hand. “Goodbye.”

“When…”, she wanted to say, but the bus was ready to pull off. The lights on the avenue blurred, twinkled, blurred. And she was afraid to open her mouth as she entered the bus. Afraid it would be impossible to utter a word.

Suddenly she shrieked very loudly, “Good-bye!” But the bus door had closed.

The bus started. People came between them outside, people crossing the street, people they didn’t know. Space and people. She lost sight of Bill. Then she remembered she had forgotten to give him her address—or to ask him for his—or tell him that her youngest boy was named Bill, too.

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86. Mary did not marry Bill because .

A  She had a quarrel with him about something unimportant.

D  She was tired of playing childish games with Bill

C  her husband was then much better off than Bill

B  Bill had left her as he felt bitter about women

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. The reason why Bill didn’t recognize her when they met again was that .

C  they were not so close to each other as they used to be

D  he couldn’t believe that she was in the city where he lived

B  he didn’t expect that she had changed so much

A  he didn’t expect to see her after so many years

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. Although both of them invited the other to visit, they didn’t set a date or exchange addresses. It can thus be inferred that .

A  they didn’t really want to keep in touch later

B  both of them didn’t really mean what they are saying

D  they were just saying something proper and behaving politely

C  they forgot to exchange addresses because they were in a hurry

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. Which of the following adjectives can best express Mary’s feelings after she met Bill in the Square?

D  Satisfied

C  Sad

A  Sick

B  Pleased

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. Which of the following statements is NOT one of the reasons why Mary named her youngest son Bill?

C  She wishes she hadn’t broken with Bill years ago

D  Bill, instead of her husband, was the one she really loved.

B  She wishes he would be as successful as Bill

A  She wants to remind him of her love story with Bill

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Passage 3

Break the Ice

In many places, ice is as widely used as bread, and it would be surprising indeed if ice did not give birth to many special phrases.

The phrases are river-born. Winter often leaves a small river so much solid ice that some boats cannot get through. The crews of such boats in times past chopped through the ice with hand axes to get the boat moving. Later, the thick ice was broken up by power machines. And that is how the expressions, “to break the ice,” got started. It meant, to make your first move, to do something for the first time; it was not possible until the ice was broken.

For example, one sometimes hears a salesman say that he has not yet “broken the ice.” What he really is saying is that he has not yet begun.

Later, the expression developed another meaning, covering a relationship between people. When you have not broken the ice with someone, you have not yet cleared the way to his trust in you, to his friendship. You still remain a stranger to him, until you do. You must get through to him, just as the small boats had to clear the river's ice jam.

While “to break the ice,” was imported from Britain, the expression, “to cut no ice,” was born in American waters. This is the story:

In the early 1800’s, an American businessman developed the idea of shipping ice to hot places where they had none even in winter. His plan was successful and he made a great deal of money shipping ice to American cities in the South.

Soon, we are told, many others began to ship ice as if it were a crop. Large crews went to work cutting up the ice with long saws. The work was hard and the weather was often bitter cold.

Many of the men naturally enjoyed the warmth of the campfires, which took the stiffness out of their frozen fingers. They could never get enough of those warm flames.

Some, perhaps, spent a little too much time around the fire and were caught doing so. What could they say, except that they were just getting ready to go back to work?

But that did not soften their angry boss. He told them in strong language that such use of their time around the fire “cut no ice.”

And from that came the expression as it is used today. Now, when you tell someone that he "cuts no ice" with you, you are making certain things clear to him—that you are not moved or impressed or influenced by him in any way. You are putting it to him straight--that he is getting nowhere with you.

"Skating on thin ice" is something else again. This means that a man may be doing or saying something risky. It might be offensive and get him into trouble. Thin ice is not much support; if he is not more careful, he may sink right through.

In sports or any other kind of contest, you will hear the phrase, "The game is on ice" or "It is iced up." This simply means that the game is really over, that one side is so far ahead that the other cannot catch up. There is no longer any doubt as who the winner will be.

(560 words)

91. It was not possible for some boats to pass through a small river in winter time because .

D  the river was dried up

B  the ice was not thick enough

C  the river was blocked by ice

A  the river has sunk

(92)单选题

. According to paragraph 4 (Lines 17 - 23), you will remain a stranger to someone, until .

B  you have won his trust and his friendship

D  you have understood the meaning of friendship

C  you have created a relationship with him

A  you have cleared the way to him personally

(93)单选题

. Which of the following is NOT the reason for the boss’ anger?

C  Some of the workers were enjoying the warmth of the campfires during the time of work

A  Some of the workers were getting ready to go back to work after a break.

D  Some of the workers were spending a little too much time around the fire during the time of work

B  Some of the workers were warming their frozen fingers during the time of work.

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. The expression that he “cuts no ice with me” means he is not .

B  telling me the truth

A  impressed or influenced by me

D  successful in his efforts to influence me

C  making things clear to me

(95)单选题

. The phrase “the game is on ice” means that .

C  one side will catch up with the other of they try hard enough

D  one of the two sports teams is ahead of the other

B  the game is played on ice

A  we are sure who the winner will be

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Passage 4

Personal Space

Alice and Jimmy are facing one another. As she steps backward, he steps forward. Then he takes another step forward, and she turns outward. He then turns outward, and she turns toward him and takes a step in his direction. He turns back toward her and also moves forward. They pause for a second, and each moves backward and turns slightly away from the other.

Have Alice and Jimmy learned the latest disco dance? Were they playing tennis or softball? No, Alice and Jimmy were simply carrying on a conversation about their English professor. In addition to expressing their ideas through words, they were communicating nonverbally through their use of space and personal distance. Each was attempting to maintain a certain distance from the other, although their preferred distances were not always the same. Sometimes Alice wanted more space than Jimmy, and sometimes Jimmy wanted more space than Alice. These differences led to the fancy footwork of moving backward and forward, inward and outward. Each person’s preferred distance also changed throughout the conversation. When Alice disagreed with Jimmy, he wanted more space; when she flirted, he wanted less distance between them.

The distance or space that Alice and Jimmy were manipulating is called personal space and is the three-dimensional area of space is a portable territory with invisible boundaries that expand or contract depending on the situation. Individuals carry it around with them constantly and position themselves in conversations in a way that will maintain it. Julie needs very little personal space and is constantly moving closer to people in order to reach the distance she prefers. Sandy, on the other hand, needs more personal space and frequently finds herself backed up against walls as a result of trying to move away from people. Each tries to maintain her personal space, although she may not always be successful.

The purpose and function of personal space have been analyzed. Jimmy stands 4 feet from his boss, 8 feet from his congressman, 2 feet from his mother, and 10 inches from his girlfriend. Why is his personal space different for each person? According to this theory, Jimmy’s body-bufferzone is greatest for the congressman because the congressman is very intimidating to him. On the other hand, his girlfriend is least threatening to him so he maintains the smallest distance with her.

Perhaps, the most important characteristic of personal space is that it is variable. Some people need more personal space than others. Furthermore, our personal space needs vary depending on our sex, age, cultural background, and relationship to the people with whom we are interacting.

Another important characteristic of personal space is that it interacts with other dimensions of nonverbal communication. For example, our perception and use of space depends on whether people are standing, sitting, or lying down. They also depend on whether we are facing or turned away from one another, how much touching can and does occur, how much of each other we physically can see, how loud our voices are, and whether or not body odors or heat can be detected. Mary may feel “too close” to Tom even though she is 6 feet away from him. However, even at that distance she can smell unpleasant body smells; her ears hurt from his loud voice; and she doesn’t like the fact that he is looking directly into her eyes. Mark, on the other hand, does not feel too close to Jane, even though they are only 8 inches apart. However, they are sitting back to back, cannot see one another, and are having difficulty in hearing one another.

Several different factors are thought to influence personal-space needs. The most obvious one is perhaps relationship between people. Some researchers identified four distinct categories of informal space associated with four different types of relationships. According to these researchers, personal space can be divided into 4 categories: intimate, casual-personal, sicioconsultive, and public. Intimate distance, from 0 to 18 inches, is used by people who are involved with one another on a personal level. Causal-personal distance, from 1.5 to 4 is conducted from 4 to 8 feet, or at a socio-consultive distance. Finally, public distance ranged from 8 feet to the limits of a person’s vision or hearing.

Another obvious factor influencing personal space is personality. Although the findings have been inconclusive, the research has been very conclusive in the related area of personality problems. The research related to it supports the opinion that the boundaries of personal space represent “body-buffer zones” used to protect people from emotional and physical threats.

(760 words)

96. The first paragraph describes Alice and Jimmy’s during their conversation.

D  expression of ideas through their use of distance between them

C  preferred distance between them

A  fancy footwork

B  use of space and personal distance

(97)单选题

. Which of the following are the leading characteristics of personal space according to paragraph 3?

B  Three-dimensionality, dependability and physicality

D  Expansibility, contractibility and maintainability

A  Protectiveness, interaction and expansibility

C  Portability, invisibility and variability

(98)单选题

. Which of the following explanations is concerned with the function of personal space?

C  A portable territory with invisible boundaries

A  A body-buffer zone.

D  Any three-dimensional area of space used by individuals

B  The desired space around our bodies

(99)单选题

. It can be inferred from paragraph 7 that a public distance is used .

B  for conversations between friends and relations

C  when two sales managers are discussing company policy

A  by lovers interacting with each other

D  by teachers communicating with students when giving lectures.

(100)单选题

100. The only conclusion that CANNOT be made from the passage is that individuals with more serious personality problems .

A  need more space for protection

D  are more likely to care for others.

C  have the need for larger personal space

B  see others as threatening

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